What are Terpenes? How Do They Affect Our Bodies?

What are Terpenes? How Do They Affect Our Bodies?

Terpenes are a hot topic in the cannabis world, but most people don't know what they are. We at Delta 8 Emporium are here to change that. Terpenes are a group of hydrocarbons found in the essential oils of plants. They are what give plants their trademark aromas and flavors. In this blog post, we will discuss what are terpenes, how they are different from cannabinoids, and how to use them.

 

Table of Contents

  • What are Terpenes?
  • The Origins of Terpenes
  • Top 7 Hemp Terpenes
    • Myrcene
    • Limonene
    • Pinene¬†
    • Caryophyllene¬†
    • Linalool¬†
    • Humulene
    • Terpinolene
  • FAQs about Terpenes
    • How do terpenes affect the body?
    • Do terpenes get you high?
    • How to use terpenes?
  • Conclusion

 

What are Terpenes? Terpenes Explained

Cannabis plants produce a large variety of chemical compounds, including 100's of different compounds called terpenes. Terpenes are chemicals responsible for the unique smells of various plants and can also be found in essential oils.

Some terpenes are more common in the plant than others, although each cannabis strain has its own unique combination of terpenes.

For example, myrcene is one of the more commonly found terpenes in cannabis and has a musky scent. Citrusy-smelling limonene is just another type of terpene. In addition to affecting a plant's smell, terpenes also change its flavor, color, and the way it interacts with our bodies.

Cannabis terpenes interact with our endocannabinoid system after being consumed, causing a variety of reactions. As the study continues to reveal more about these fascinating chemicals, it's becoming clear that cannabis terpenes are intricate and essential molecules that contribute to the plant's overall effects.

But before we get into the most common terpenes in hemp and their advantages, lets first talk about where they come from.

 

The Origins of Terpenes

Terpenes are created in specific cells known as glandular trichomes, which can be seen on the surface of leaves, flowers, and fruits. The small, mushroom-like structures called trichomes cover the surface of the plant. These are responsible for producing cannabinoids and terpenes, and various other compounds.

The terpenes are made from isoprene units, which are obtained via the mevalonic acid pathway. Terpenes not only control the smell of cannabis but also its flavor and strength. Moreover, some terpenes have been demonstrated to possess healing qualities, making them a vital ingredient in the cannabis experience.

 

The more we learn about cannabis terpenes, the more potential uses for these amazing compounds we will find.

 

Top 7 Hemp Terpene and their effects

Myrcene

Myrcene is a terpene that is found in a variety of plants, including mangoes, thyme, and lemongrass. It has a musky, earthy aroma and is known for its sedative and relaxing properties, and it is often used in aromatherapy. While more studies are needed to confirm these potential benefits, myrcene appears to be a promising natural compound with a wide range of potential health applications.

Limonene

Limonene is a type of terpene that is found in a variety of plants, including citrus fruits, juniper, and peppermint. This compound has a citrusy aroma and has several beneficial effects on the body, including elevated mood and stress relief.

Pinene 

Pinene is a pine-scented terpene that is commonly found in pine needles, conifers, and sage. This terpene is responsible for the characteristic smell of these plants. In addition to its distinctive odor, pinene has also been shown to have some interesting effects. Studies have shown that pinene can help to improve memory retention and alertness.

Caryophyllene 

Caryophyllene terpene is a type of terpene that is commonly found in plants such as pepper, cloves, and basil. This terpene is known for its peppery scent, and it is often used as a flavor additive in food and beverages.

Linalool 

Linalool is a naturally occurring terpene that is found in a wide variety of plants, including lavender, birch, and rosewood. This terpene has a floral scent and is known for its sedative and calming effects. Linalool is commonly used in aromatherapy and is also found in some skincare products.

 

Humulene

Humulene is a terpene that is best known for its woody scent. However, it also has several other benefits. Humulene is an appetite suppressant and is found in a variety of plants, including hops, coriander, and basil. This terpene is also becoming increasingly popular as a food flavoring and fragrance due to its unique woody aroma.

Terpinolene

Terpinolene is a type of terpene that has a woody scent. It is commonly found in plants such as cumin, tea tree, and apples. Terpinolene is known for its relaxing effects. If you're interested in trying terpinolene, you can find it in many essential oil blends. You can also find it in some lotions and shampoos.

 

So these were the seven most common terpenes in hemp. Each of these terpenes has its unique benefits.

In the next section, we will cover some of the frequently asked questions about terpenes

 

FAQs about Terpenes

How do terpenes affect the body?

Not only can terpenes impact our sense of smell, but they also bind to receptors in the brain, which then affects our mood and cognition. The terpenes can interact with the endocannabinoid system which is responsible for regulating a wide variety of functions in humans, such as pain and inflammation.

 

Terpenes not only contribute to a plant's scent, but they also affect how the body responds to THC. The main psychoactive compound in cannabis is THC, and terpenes seem to play a role in modulating its effects. Some strains may be more energizing while others are more relaxing because of these tiny molecules. Terpenes may interact with other cannabinoids in cannabis, such as CBD, which then causes unique effects.

 

When it comes to selecting a strain, keep an eye on the terpene profile and you'll be able to discover one that matches your desired outcome.



Do terpenes get you high?

Although certain terpenes, such as caryophyllene, appear to bind with the CB1 receptors and generate psychoactive effects, there is no evidence that they cause intoxication.

Though terpenes don't provide the same high as cannabinoids, some are still psychoactive because they affect your brain.

Many experts advise focusing on specific terpene profiles rather than the cannabinoid content when searching for a certain impact from cannabis. Terpenes have been shown to influence the effects of cannabis.

How to use terpenes?

The best way to use terpenes is by taking them in CBD flower or another full-spectrum CBD product.

When taken together with cannabinoids, terpenes have the most potent effects, and it appears that they are more effective when combined with cannabinoids. 

Terpenes work in combination with Cannabidiol (CBD) to improve its therapeutic effects. To get the most out of CBD, choose a product that contains multiple terpenes.

Conclusion

So, what’s the verdict?

Terpenes are a large and diverse class of organic compounds found in the essential oils of plants. They are responsible for the unique scents of different cannabis strains, as well as other herbs, fruits, and flowers. 

Terpenes do play an important role in how our bodies interact with cannabinoids. They work together to create what is known as the entourage effect, which enhances the therapeutic benefits of cannabis.

What’s your favorite terpene? Comment below and let us know!

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