If you're new to the cannabis world, don't worry – we've all been there. Terms like "Sativa," "Indica," and "Hybrid" are thrown around constantly, but what do they actually mean?
Looking for help understanding the difference between Indica and Sativa cannabis strains, look no further than Delta 8 Emporium. We'll explain it all in an easy-to-understand way, plus provide information on Hybrid strains so you can find the perfect one for your needs.
When it comes to selecting a cannabis strain, there are several variables to consider. Understanding the differences between Indica, Sativa, and hybrid strains is critical to discovering the ideal hemp strain. Indica strains are well-known for their relaxing and sedative effects, whereas Sativa strains are renowned for their invigorating and elevating qualities. Hybrid strains are a mix of both Indica and Sativa plants, bringing the best of both worlds.
Let's go through each type in detail.
Table Of Contents
- History of Sativa, Indica, & Hybrid Strains
- What is Sativa?
- What is Indica?
- What is a Hybrid?
- What are the different effects of cannabis strains on our body?
History of Sativa, Indica, & Hybrid Strains
Let's start with the basics: where do their names come from?
Many people are curious about how cannabis strains got their names. The three most popular categories of cannabis - Sativa, Indica, and hybrid - all have interesting stories behind them. Here's a quick history lesson on how these terms came to be:
The terms Sativa and Indica have roots (pun intended) that date back to the 18th century. Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus coined the term in 1753 when he was classifying all known plant life on Earth.
The father of modern ecology, Carolus Linnaeus, classified Cannabis Indica as a short and bushy plant with tiny leaves originating in Europe and Central Asia.
Cannabis Sativa was referred to by Linnaeus as a taller, thinner plant with broader leaves that originated in India.
The terms Sativa and Indica have been used to describe cannabis strains based on their appearance and effects since they were first coined.
However, thanks to current cannabis cultivation methods, we can now create strains that are a mix of both Sativa and Indica. We call these hybrid strains.
There is another way to scientifically classify these strains, and that's by distinguishing them based on the cannabinoids and terpenes present in a particular strain. Based on these classification criteria, some strains will have different effects than others.
The blog will go into further detail on cannabinoids and terpenes.
For now, we will deep dive into each of the 3 types in more detail.
What is Sativa?
Sativa is a type of cannabis plant that is known for its uplifting, energetic, and euphoric effects. This makes it popular among those who use cannabis for recreational purposes. Sativas are typically taller and thinner than Indica plants, with long, narrow leaves.
The physical appearance of a Sativa plant typically consists of it being tall and thin, with leaves that are long and narrow. The buds associated with this plant tend to be light green and not as dense as Indica buds.
If you're in need of an energy or creativity boost, Sativa strains are your best bet. Unlike Indica strains, which have more sedating effects, Sativas are great for daytime use.
Pinene, Limonene, and Ocimene are the main terpenes in Sativa strains.
Some popular Sativa strains that people enjoy are Hawaiian Haze, Pumpkin Pie, Sour Diesel, and Lifter.
What is Indica?
Indicas are a type of cannabis plant that is typically shorter and stockier than Sativa plants. They have wide, short leaves and are known for their relaxing effects.
Compared to Sativa plants, Indica plants are typically shorter and more compact, with wide yet short leaves. Most Indica strains also have denser buds that lean more towards a dark green color.
If you're looking to relax or side-step some anxiety, Indica strains are your go-to.
The primary terpenes in Indica cannabis are: Terpinolene, Myrcene, Nerolidol
Some of the most popular Indica strains include Purple Haze, Afghani Maple, Mustard Berry, and Bubba Kush.
What is a Hybrid?
A hybrid cannabis plant is a beautiful mix of Sativa and Indica strains that offers the best of both worlds in terms of effects.
The appearance of a hybrid plant depends on the ratio of Sativa to Indica, but they typically have characteristics from both parent plants. For example, hybrid buds could be dense like an Indica or fluffy like a Sativa. In terms of color, hybrids can be anything from light to dark green.
Hybrid strains are popular for their evenly balanced Sativa and Indica effects. Consumers report an uplifting mental high, along with the relaxation of the body.
Different hybrid strains can offer different types of high, depending on whether they provide more of a body buzz or head high. Some may be stronger than others, while some are milder. With individual strain types, it'll take more trial and error to determine how they affect you specifically.
Caryophyllene, Bisabolol, and Farnesene are three of the most common terpenes in hybrid cannabis.
Hybrid strains such as Grape Eraser, Gorilla Cake, and Cherry Chocolate Chip are some of the most popular.
What are the different effects of cannabis strains on our body?
As touched on earlier, the Sativa and Indica differ in more ways than just their appearance. Generally speaking, Sativa provides a stimulating effect while Indica offers relaxation.
So why do these two types of cannabis have such different effects?
Different proportions of cannabinoids and terpenes in every plant engage with the endocannabinoid system in our bodies, producing diverse effects.
Let's look at the various cannabinoids and terpenes, as well as their roles in Indica and Sativa.
Cannabis plants include hundreds of cannabinoids, the most well-known of which are THC and CBD. The main contrast between these two cannabinoids mostly has to do with their psychoactive consequences- while THC can create desirable highs for users who want them, others like cannabidiol don't have any psychoactive properties.
CBN, CBG, and THCa are examples of other cannabinoids that may be found in cannabis.
Click here to read more about Cannabinoids.
Most people believe that cannabinoids are the main drivers of cannabis's effects. However, recent studies suggest that terpenes might also have an impact and could be just as powerful as cannabinoids. Terpenes are a kind of compound that give cannabis its distinctive aroma.
Click here to read more about Terpenes.
So, what’s the difference? Indica strains are known for their relaxing and sedative effects, making them a great choice for nighttime use or when you want to relax. Sativa strains are more stimulating and energetic, often providing an uplifting effect that can be helpful for daytime use. Hybrids are a mix of both Indica and Sativa strains, so they provide the best of both worlds (although each hybrid strain will have its unique characteristics).
What’s your favorite cannabis strain? Comment below and let us know!